THE TRADITION OF PESANTREN AS A CULTURE IN THE FORMING OF SANTRI PERSONALITY (STUDY at NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM)

Abd Aziz Hsb, Darwyan Syah, Sri Rahmi

Abstract


This study aims to describe and analyze the pesantren tradition that has become a culture in the effort to form the personality of the students in the pesantren in accordance with the teachings of Islam. For that research using quantitative analysis through descriptive and inferential analysis. The research was conducted in 3 (three) Islamic boarding schools in the area, namely the Dayah Modern aarul Ulum Islamic Boarding School, the Dayah Darul Ihsan Abu Hasan Kruengkale Islamic Boarding School in Aceh Besar, the Dayah Darul Maghhfiroh Islamic Boarding School, with a sample of 250 people from the total population. Data were collected using an instrument questionnaire as a data collection tool. From the results of the study, it was found that there was no significant difference between the pesantren traditions as seen in the gender of the santri, as well as the pesantren tradition as measured by age demographics which showed no difference in the perceptions or views of the santri towards the pesantren tradition. In the student personality variable from the research results, it was found that there was no difference in perceptions of the personality of the students through gender demographics, a different thing was seen in the perceptions of the students on the personality of the students as seen in the age demographics which showed differences in the personality of the students based on age. In addition, there is a significant influence on the Islamic boarding school tradition through the dimensions of rihlah ilmiyah, the tradition of reading the yellow book, the Arabic language tradition, the tradition of practicing Tariqat, and the tradition of memorizing on the formation of the personality of the students. It was also found that the dominant factors affecting the personality of the students were the tradition of practicing the Tariqat and the tradition of rihlah ilmiyah. Thus it can be concluded that the formation of the personality of students in the santri is very closely related to the existence of a culture that has been formed from the traditions that exist in the pesantren environment, from this study it is hoped that it will provide input to the leadership and related parties to be used as a benchmark or material in policy making so as to be able to provide changes to the attainment of a quality student personality

Keywords


Pesantren Tradition, Culture, Personality, Students

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmadi, Abu, and Munawar Sholeh. Psikologi Perkembangan: Edisi Revisi. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta, 2005.

Arikunto, S. Metode Penelitian: Suatu Pendekatan Praktek. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 1997.

Assegaf, Abdul Rahman, and dkk. Pendidikan Islam Di Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Suka Press, 2007.

Bruinessen, Martin van. Kitab Kuning, Pesantren Dan Tarekat; Tradisi-Tradisi Islam Di Indonesia. III. Bandung: Mizan, 1999.

Cahyono, Heru. Peranan Ulama Dalam Golkal 1971-1980: Dari Pemilu Sampai Malari. Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan, 1992.

Daes, Ahmad. Konsep Kepribadian Dalam Al-Qur’an Dan Hadits. Jakarta, 1989.

Dhofier, Zamakhsari. Tradisi Pesantren: Studi Tentang Pandangan Hidup Kyai. Jakarta: LP3ES, 1984.

Fattah, Nanang. “Ekonomi Dan Pembiayaan Pendidikan.” Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya 78 (2000): 1.

Haidari, Amin, and et.al. Panorama Pesantren Dalam Cakrawala Modern. Cet. III. Jakarta: Diva Pustaka, 2004.

Hair, and et.all. Multivariate Data Analysis. 11th Editi. New Jersey: Pearson International, 2006.

Islam, Tim Direktorat Jenderal Kelembagaan Agama. Pola Pembelajaran Di Pesantren. Jakarta: Depag RI Direktorat Jenderal Kelembagaan Agama Islam, Direktorat Pendidikan Keagamaan dan Pondok Pesantren, Proyek Peningkatan Pendidikan Luar Sekolah pada Pondok Pesantren, 2003.

Islamy, Athoilllah, and Saihu. “The Values of Social Education in the Qur’an and Its Relevance to The Social Character Building For Children.” Jurnal Paedagogia 8, no. 2 (2019): 51–66.

Jaenuddin, Ujam. Psikologi Kepribadian. Bandung: Pustaka Setia, 2012.

Jamaluddin, Malik. Pemberdayaan Pesantren: Menuju Kemandirian Dan Profesionalisme Santri Dengan Metode Daurah Kebudayaan. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pesantren dan Yayasan Kantara Bangsa, 2005.

Kadir, A. Dasar-Dasar Pendidikan. Kencana, 2015. https://books.google.co.id/books?id=pfpDDwAAQBAJ.

Karel A., Steenbrink. Pesantren, Madrasah, Sekolah: Pendidikan Islam Dalam Kurun Modern. Jakarta: LP3ES, 1986.

Kerlinger. Asas-Asas Penelitian Behavioral, Terj. Simatupang. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press, 1993.

L. R, Gay, and P. Airasin. Educational Research: Competencies for Analysis an Aplication. New Jersey: Prentice Hill, 2000.

Madjid, Nurcholish. Modernisasi Pesantren: Kritik Nurcholish Madjid Terhadap Pendidikan Islam Tradisional. Ciputat: Ciputat Press, 2002.

Mubin, Fatkhul, and Abd Aziz. “POLITIK PENDIDIKAN ISLAM INDONESIA: PERLAWANAN PESANTREN TERHADAP HEGEMONI PENDIDIKAN BARAT ERA KOLONIALISME BELANDA.” Al Amin: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu Dan Budaya Islam 3, no. 1 (2020): 123–36.

Mujib, Abdul, and Zakariah Daradjat. Fitrah Dan Kepribadian Islam: Sebuah Pendekatan Psikologis. Jakarta: Darul Fatah, 1999.

Nata, H Abuddin. Manajemen Pendidikan: Mengatasi Kelemahan Pendidikan Islam Di Indonesia. Kencana, 2012.

Nazir, M. Metode Penelitian. Jakarta: Ghalia Indonesia, 1988.

“Pertumbuhan Pesantren Di Indonesia Dinilai Menakjubkan,” n.d. https://www.republika.co.id/berita/dunia-islam/islam-nusantara/17/11/30/p088lk396-pertumbuhan-pesantren-di-indonesia-dinilai-menakjubkan.

Rahardjo, Dawam. Pesantren Dan Pembaharuan. Jakarta: LP3ES, 1995.

Ramayulis. Ilmu Pendidikan Islam. Jakarta: Kalam Mulia, 2002.

Saihu, Made. Merawat Pluralisme Merawat Indonesia (Potret Pendidikan Pluralisme Agama Di Jembrana-Bali). Yogyakarta: Deepublish, 2019.

Saihu, Saihu. “Local Tradition and Harmony among Religious Adherents: The Dominant Culture of Hindu-Muslim Relation in Jembrana Bali.” Wawasan: Jurnal Ilmiah Agama Dan Sosial Budaya, Vol. 5 No. 1 (2020), 2019.

———. “Modernisasi Pendidikan Islam Di Indonesia.” Al Amin: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu Dan Budaya Islam 1, no. 1 (2018): 1–33.

———. “PENDIDIKAN ISLAM MULTIKULTURALISME.” Al Amin: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu Dan Budaya Islam 1, no. 2 (2018): 170–87.

———. “Qur’anic Perspective On Total Quality Management (TQM) And Its Implementation In The Institution Of Islamic Education.” Mumtaz: Jurnal Studi Al-Quran Dan Keislaman 4, no. 01 (2020): 13–26.

Shaleh, Rachman, Marwan Saridjo, Nasrun Harahap, Mustofa Syarif, and Sudarmo. Pedoman Pembinaan Pondok Pesantren. Salatiga: Depag RI, 1978.

Sudjoko, Prasodjo, and et.all. Profil Pesantren: Laporan Hasil Penelitian Pesantren Al-Falak Dan Delapan Pesantren Lainnya Di Bogor. Cet. III. Jakarta: LP3ES, 1982.

Sugiarto. Teknik Sampling. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2003.

Sukamto. Kepemimpinan Kyai Dalam Pesantren. Jakarta: LP3ES, 1999.

Sumanto. Teori Dan Aplikasi Metode Penelitian. Yogyakarta: CAPS, 2014.

Syamsul, Yusuf, and Nurihsan Achmad Juntika. Teori Kepribadian. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya, 2007.

Tohirin. Psikologi Pembelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada, 2005.

Umiarso, and Nur Zazin. Pesantren Di Tengah Arus Mutu Pendidikan: Menjawab Problematika Kotemporer Manajemen Mutu Pesantren. Semarang: RaSAIL Media Group, 2011.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.36670/alamin.v3i02.63

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Abd Aziz Hsb, Darwyan Syah, Sri Rahmi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.